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|Los Angeles Police Department|
|Link to the template page|
|Organization type||Law enforcement agency|
|Leader||City Marshals: |
William C. Warren (Founder)
Jacob F. Gerkens (Dec. 18, 1876 - Dec. 26, 1877)
Emil Harris (1877 - 8)
Henry King (Dec. 5, 1878 - Dec. 11, 1880, Dec. 11, 1881 - June 30, 1883)
George E. Gard (Dec. 12, 1880 - Dec. 10, 1881)
Thomas J. Cuddy (July 1, 1883 - Jan. 1, 1885, Jan. 23 - Sep. 4, 1888)
Edward McCarthy (Jan. 2 - May 12, 1885)
John Horner (1885)
John K. Skinner
Hubert H. Benedict
James E. Burns
John M. Glass (July 17, 1889 - Jan. 1, 1900)
Charles Elton (1900 - 4)
William A. Hammell
Walter H. Auble (Nov. 1905 - 1906)
Edward F. Dishman
Charles Edward Sebastian (Jan. 3, 1911 - Apr. 27, 1929)
Clairence E. Snively
John L. Butler
George K. Home
Alexander W. Murray
Charles A. Jones
James W. Everington
Louis D. Oaks
August "Gus" Vollmer (1923 - 4)
R. Lee Heath
James Edgar Davis (1926 - 31, 1933 - 9)
Roy Edmund Steckel (1929 - 33)
Arthur Clarence Hohmann (1939 - 41)
Clemence B. Horall (1941 - 9)
William A. Worton (1949 - 50)
William H. Parker (Aug. 9, 1950 - July 16, 1966)
Thad F. Brown
Thomas Reddin (1967 - May 6, 1969)
Roger Eugene Murdock (1969)
Edward Michael Davis (1969 - 78)
Robert F. Rock (1978)
Daryl Gates (March 28, 1978 - 1992)
Willie L. Williams (1992 - May 17, 1997)
Bayan Lewis (May 18 - Aug. 11, 1997)
Bernard C. Parks (Aug. 12, 1997 - May 4, 2002)
Martin H. Pomeroy (2002)
William J. Bratton (Oct. 2002 - )
Damon Gant (Feb. 21, 2015 - Feb. 25, 2017)
Current chief unknown
|Hierarchical structure||Overviewed by the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners|
|Affiliated groups||Criminal Affairs Department |
|Entrance||Police department entrance|
|Enter from||Prosecutor's office parking lot |
Criminal Affairs Department
|Relevant cases||Rise from the Ashes|
The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) is the police department of the city of Los Angeles, California. With just over 10,000 officers and more than 3,000 civilian staff, covering an area of 498 square miles (1,290 km2) with a population of more than 3.8 million people, it is one of the largest law enforcement agencies in the United States.
The first specific Los Angeles police force was founded in 1853 as the Los Angeles Rangers, a volunteer force that assisted the existing County forces. The Rangers were soon succeeded by the Los Angeles City Guards, another volunteer group. Neither force was particularly efficient and Los Angeles became known for its violence, gambling and vice. The first paid force was created in 1869, when six officers were hired to serve under City Marshal William C. Warren. By 1900, under John M. Glass, there were 70 officers, one for every 1,500 people. In 1903, with the start of the Civil Service, this force was increased to 200.
During World War II, under Clemence B. Horrall, the overall number of personnel was depleted by the demands of the military. Despite efforts to maintain numbers, the police could do little to control the 1943 Zoot Suit Riots.
Horrall was replaced by a retired Marine general, William A. Worton, who acted as interim chief until 1950, when William H. Parker succeeded him and would serve until his death in 1966. Parker advocated police professionalism and autonomy from civilian administration. However, the Bloody Christmas scandal in 1951 led to calls for civilian accountability and an end to alleged police brutality.
Under Parker, LAPD also formed the first SWAT team in United States law enforcement. Officer John Nelson and then-inspector Daryl Gates created the program in 1965 to deal with threats from radical organizations such as the Black Panther Party operating during the Vietnam War era.
During the third day trial in Turnabout Serenade, Klavier Gavin, in order to explain a discrepancy between police firearms training and the large amount of recoil with the murder weapon in that case (a .45-caliber handgun), comments that the standard issue sidearm given to police is a .38-caliber revolver. While this statement would make sense in Japan (as .38-caliber weapons are issued to police there), it is factually false in the United States; American police, after a shootout in Miami in 1986, began to switch duty weapons from .38-caliber revolvers to semi-automatic pistols with higher capacities and improved stopping power. Additionally, the real-life LAPD issues .45-caliber handguns as an optional weapon of choice for officers.
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