|International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL|
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|Organization type||International law enforcement agency|
Oskar Dressler (1923 - 1946)
Louis Ducloux (1947 - 1951)
Marcel Sicot (1951 - 1963)
Jean Népote (1963 - 1978)
André Bossard (1978 - 1985)
Raymond Kendall (1985 - 2000)
Ronald Noble (2000 - )
Johann Schober (1923 - 1932)
Franz Brandl (1932 - 1934)
Eugen Seydel (1934 - 1935)
Michael Skubl (1935 - 1938)
Otto Steinhäusl (1938 - 1940)
Reinhard Heydrich (1940 - 1942)
Arthur Nebe (1942 - 1943)
Ernst Kaltenbrunner (1943 - 1945)
Florent Louwage (1945 - 1956)
Agostinho Lourenço (1956 - 1960)
Richard Jackson (1960 - 1963)
Fjalar Jarva (1963 - 1964)
Firmin Franssen (1964 - 1968)
Paul Dickopf (1964 - 1972)
William Leonard Higgitt (1972 - 1976)
Carl Persson (1976 - 1980)
Jolly Bugarin (1980 - 1984)
John Simpson (1984 - 1988)
Ivan Barbot (1988 - 1992)
Norman Inkster (1992 - 1994)
Björn Eriksson (1994 - 1996)
Toshinori Kanemoto (1996 - 2000)
Jesús Espigares Mira (2000 - 2004)
Jackie Selebi (2004 - 2008)
Arturo Herrera Verdugo (Acting president until the General Assembly in Saint Petersburg in October 2008, and candidate for the President on that General Assembly)
Khoo Boon Hui (Oct. 2008 - 2012 )
Mireille Balestrazzi (2012 - )
|Hierarchical structure||Secretary General of Interpol |
President of Interpol
|Affiliated groups||Police department |
Criminal Affairs Department
|Established||1923 (in Austria as the International Criminal Police (ICP))|
|Other dates||1938 - Falls under the control of Nazi Germany following Austria's annexation |
1942 - Headquarters moved to Berlin
1945 - Revived as the International Criminal Police Organization by European Allies of World War II officials from Belgium, France, Scandinavia and the United Kingdom and headquarters moved to Saint-Cloud, France
1989 - Headquarters moved to Lyon, France
|Relevant cases||Turnabout Airlines |
The Kidnapped Turnabout
Interpol, whose full name is the International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL, is an organization facilitating international police cooperation. It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission in 1923 and adopted its telegraphic address as its common name in 1956.
Its membership of 188 countries provides finance of around $59 million through annual contributions. The organization's headquarters are in Lyon, France. It is the second largest intergovernmental organization after the United Nations.
In order to maintain as politically neutral a role as possible, Interpol's constitution forbids its involvement in crimes that do not overlap several member countries, or in any political, military, religious, or racial crimes. Its work focuses primarily on public safety, terrorism, organized crime, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, piracy, illicit drug production, drug trafficking, weapons smuggling, human trafficking, money laundering, child pornography, white-collar crime, computer crime, intellectual property crime and corruption.
In 2008, the Interpol General Secretariat employed a staff of 588, representing 84 member countries.
Interpol was founded in Austria in 1923 as the International Criminal Police (ICP). Following the Anschluss (Austria's annexation by Nazi Germany) in 1938, the organization fell under the control of Nazi Germany and the Commission's headquarters were eventually moved to Berlin in 1942. It is unclear, however, if and to what extent the ICPC files were used to further the goals of the Nazi regime. However, from 1938 to 1945, the presidents of Interpol included Otto Steinhäusl (a general in the SS), Reinhard Heydrich (a general in the SS, and chair of the Wannsee Conference that appointed Heydrich the chief executor of the "Final solution to the Jewish question"), Arthur Nebe (a general in the SS, and Einsatzgruppen leader, under whose command at least 46,000 people were killed), and Ernst Kaltenbrunner (a general in the SS, the highest ranking SS officer executed after the Nuremberg Trial).
After the end of World War II in 1945, the organization was revived as the International Criminal Police Organization by European Allies of World War II officials from Belgium, France, Scandinavia and the United Kingdom. Its new headquarters were established in Saint-Cloud, a town on the outskirts of Paris. They remained there until 1989, when they were moved to their present location, Lyon.
Interpol differs from most law-enforcement agencies -- agents don't really make arrests themselves, and there's no Interpol jail where criminals are taken. The agency functions as an administrative liaison between the law-enforcement agencies of the member countries, providing communications and database assistance. This is vital when fighting international crime because language, cultural and bureaucratic differences can make it difficult for officers of different nations to work together. For example, if FBI officers track a terrorist to Italy, they may not know who to contact in the Polizia di Stato, if the Polizia Municipale has jurisdiction over some aspect of the case, or who in the Italian government needs to be notified of the FBI's involvement. The FBI can contact the Interpol National Central Bureau in Italy, which will act as a liaison between the United States and Italian law-enforcement agencies.
Interpol's databases help law enforcement see the big picture of international crime. While other agencies have their own extensive crime databases, the information rarely extends beyond one nation's borders. Interpol can track criminals and crime trends around the world. They maintain collections of fingerprints and mug shots, lists of wanted persons, DNA samples and travel documents. Their lost and stolen travel document database alone contains more than 12 million records. They also analyze all this data and release information on crime trends to the member countries.
A secure worldwide communications network allows Interpol agents and member countries to contact each other at any time. Known as I-24/7, the network offers constant access to Interpol's databases. While the National Central Bureaus are the primary access sites to the network, some member countries have expanded it to key areas such as airports and border access points. Member countries can also access each other's criminal databases via the I-24/7 system.
In the event of an international disaster, terrorist attack or assassination, Interpol can send an incident response team. This team can offer a range of expertise and database access to assist with victim identification, suspect identification and the dissemination of information to other nations' law enforcement agencies. And, at the request of local authorities, they can act as a central command and logistics operation to coordinate other law enforcement agencies involved in a case.
International smuggling ring investigationEdit
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Borginian cocoon smuggling investigationEdit
- Main article: Turnabout Serenade
In 2026, Daryan Crescend attempted, with the help of Machi Tobaye, to smuggle a Borginian cocoon into the U.S. Borginian cocoons can be used to cure the disease Incuritis, but can also be used to make a very potent toxin. It is for the latter reason that they are forbidden from being taken out of Borginia, under pain of death. Crescend managed to smuggle one out by hiding it inside one of Klavier Gavin's guitars, during the singer's visit to the country. Interpol agent Romein LeTouse was put on the case, but was murdered by Crescend. The truth of the smuggling and murder were eventually revealed by the defense attorney Apollo Justice.
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