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The Defense Culpability Act is an act made by the Khura'in government seen in Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney: Spirit of Justice, introduced in The Foreign Turnabout. It is also referred to as the "DC Act". The act is as entails: "In the name of Her Eminence, those who would support criminals will be deemed just as guilty." The act was passed on June 14, c. 2005 and nullified on May 19, 2028 with the queen's arrest.
The Defense Culpability Act is an act that if an attorney tries to defend an accused person of a crime, and he or she fails to find the accused "not guilty", the lawyer of the accused will also be subjected to the same punishment that the guilty party would receive. Under that act, many defense attorneys have been met with grizzly fates, some have been made prisoners, subjected to slavery, or even have received the death penalty with the accused. It is for this very reason that before Phoenix Wright had come along, there had not been an attorney in Khura'in for one score, and the reason why Ahlbi Ur'gaid had tried to dissuade Phoenix from defending him. However, the law is not restricted only to defense attorneys, but also applies to anybody assisting a person who is then found guilty in court, no matter their reason for doing so or whether or not they were doing it willingly.
While seemingly made for religious reasons and to prevent the rise of another Dhurke Sahdmadhi, in truth it was the culmination of a scheme by Ga'ran to give herself an iron grip on Khura'in through it's legal system. By discrediting defense attorneys as "unclean", prosecutors like Ga'ran were naturally regarded as heroes and saints, giving them special privileges and prestige to do as they wanted without true legal repercussion. It also gave her and Inga Karkhuul Khura'in legal excuse to do anything they wanted to their political enemies, to the point where Inga would regularly carry around a stamp meant for authorizing executions in his mouth purely to deal with the paperwork conveniently.
However, while the DC Act was intimidating enough to completely eradicate the profession of defense attorney in Khura'in, its validity depended on Ga'ran's authority as queen due to its phrasing and having been enacted during her reign. As such, the law was declared null and void in 2028 when Ga'ran was deposed.
It is because of how the Defense Culpability Act functioned that High Priest of Khura'in, Tahrust Inmee knew no other way to save the lives of his wife, Beh'leeb Inmee and his (at the time of his death, unnamed and unborn) child Faitah Inmee from being convicted and put to death due to the accidental killing of acolyte Rheel Neh'mu by Beh'leeb's hand apart from killing himself, in the process framing Maya for murder as well as trying to divert attention away from Neh'mu's death so as to throw suspicion off of his wife.
Whether or not it was self-defense, murder under the crown was still regarded as murder as long as the DC Act stood. Not to mention that his and his wife's affiliation with the Defiant Dragons, as well as aiding and abetting wanted criminals by order of the crown, would definitely have made the matter worse for them.
When Phoenix loses to rival prosecutor Nahyuta Sahdmadhi after failing to find the "murderer" responsible for the death of the high priest, Tahrust Inmee, Phoenix, alongside Maya Fey, is found guilty under the DC Act and sentenced to death. It would not be until after the trial for the murder of acolyte Rheel Neh'mu that Phoenix's punishment would be overturned and Tahrust could finally move on with no further regrets.